San Tomás de Aquino, Doctor Angelicus: Studies illuminated by prayer (2023)

Miguel Augusto

In Macao and around the world, the preacher's Dominican family is now in the liturgical memory of San Tomás Aquino (January 28), a prominent theologian, philosopher and Dominican priest of the thirteenth century.

According to friar Daniel Kennedy (Dominican), the most important events in sacred life are known, but biographers differ in some details and data. For Kennedy, Thomas's life can be summarized in a nutshell: praying, preaching, teaching, writing, writing and travel.

For the richness of the content and synthesis of San Tomás de Aquin's life, we turn to the biographical notes of Fray Daniel Kennedy (Catholic encyclopedia) and the "cateches" of Pope Benedict XVI. About the saint in June 2010, divided into three general audiences.

Benedict XVI.was to confirm that it is not surprising that according to San Agustín among the writers of the Church in theCatechism of the Catholic ChurchSt.Thomas is quoted more than any other, at least 61 times! "Angelic DoctorPerhaps because of his virtues and especially because of his virtues and, in particular, the sublime of his thinking and the purity of his life, ”said the Pope.

Thomas was born in the castle between 1224 and 1225, which had his rich noble family in Roccecca, near Aquino, not far from the famous abbey of Montessino, where his parents sent him to maintain the first elements of his training.

A few years later, he moved to Naples, the capital of the kingdom of Sicily, where Frederick II had founded a respected university for him and immediately assumed his great value. However, he was born mainly in Naples in those years after his Dominican appointment. "

At some point between 1240 and August 1243, he received the habit of the San Dominic Order, which was attracted and led by John de San Juliano, an excellent preacher of the Naples Monastery, said Faria Kennedy. The fight wrote that "the city"Was you invited to see that such a noble young man should attract the clothes of the poor brothers?"

(Video) Summa Contra Gentiles - Book I: On GOD By St. Thomas Aquinas (Ordo Praedicatorum) - Doctor Angelicus

Benedict XVI. However, it was remembered that his family, when he was dressed in a Dominican habit, could continue the way to respond to God's call.Orientation of another saint, Albert, the Great.

The Holy Father emphasized that "Albert and Thomas ... learned to appreciate us and love us, to the point of Albert even wanted his student to follow him in Colonia, where the superiors of the order, for a theological discovery that his studies came into contactWith all the works of Aristotle and his Arab commentators who described and explained Albert. "

The Pope recalled that they were written about the nature of knowledge, natural sciences, metaphysics, soul and ethics and were full of information and intuitions that seemed valid and convincing. All this formed an overview of the world, which had developed without and beforeof Christ and for pure reason and seemed to be imposed on reason as a "sight of herself." See and know that this philosophy had an incredible fascination of young people.

“Many enthusiastically accepted, with critical enthusiasm for this huge ancient baggage of knowledge, which advantageously renewed the culture and seemed to open completely new horizons.Opposition could be the Christian faith and refuse to study it. They granted two cultures: Aristotle's pre -Christian culture with their radical rationality and their classical Christian culture, ”concluded Ratzinger.

Your work -prime - thatSumma Theologica

Of the work -prime of San Thomas, theSumma TheologicaThe Pope said he remained unfinished, but it is a monumental mandate: contains 512 questions and 2,669 articles: “It consists of a concentrated argument in which the human spirit for the secrets of faith, clearly and depth applies to faith, alternative questions with answersin which San Thomas deepens the teaching that comes from the sacred writings and the parents of the Church, especially St. Augustine. "

In this reflection, Benedict XVI. Relevant Warns of the Truths of Faith in which truth is a gift of faith shines and becomes accessible to us.

This effort of the human mind "Aquino reminds us of his own life, is always illuminated by prayer, through the light that arises. Only those who live with God and His secrets can also understand what we are, they say."

(Video) así fue la muerte de santo Tomás de Aquino

The Pope adds that St.Thomas also realizes that it is impossible to live without relying on the experience of others where he wants knowledge of one. Therefore, it is reasonable to believe in God who reveals himself and in the testimony of the apostles: there were few, simple and poor, affected by the crucifixion of hisProfessor. However, many wise, noble and rich people were very soon after hearing their improvement. "In fact, this is a miraculous phenomenon of history, which is far from giving another convincing response, except the apostle meeting with the resurrected gentleman"Said Pope Benedict XVI.

Of the obvious mystical signs in the life of St.Thomas Aquina, Fray Kennedy, reports that in Naples 1273 in Naples after completing his contract to the Eucharist comes from the crucifix at the altar and says: "You have the good of me written, Thomas; What reward will you have? Thomas replied," Nothingless than you, sir. "Kennedy admits that it is not surprising to read San Thomas in biographies, which was often abstract and ecstasy.

Benedict XVI.Lember that San Thomas had a great dedication to our dear wife: “He described her with a wonderful title:The tricinity of the Trinity Area;dining roomThis means that a place where the Trinity rests, because due to the incarnation in all creatures, like the three divine people, they live and enjoy joy and joy when they die in their soul full of free. Through their intercession, we can get any help. "

San Thomas Aquino died when he was still young in the monastery of Fossanova on March 7, 1274, on his way to Lyons, at the request of Pope Gregor X. Numerous miracles witness his holiness.

Thomas Aquino was on July 18, 1323 by John XXII.

On the occasion of the celebration of the 600th anniversary of the canonization of San Thomas Aquino (1923), Pope Pius XI appealed to all that "hunger" after the truth: "Go to Thomas" (EncírioLeader).

San Thomas Aquino, pray for us!

A student's prayer

(Video) Adoro te devote | Catholic music

Von San Tomás de Aquino

Come on, Holy Spirit, Divine Creator,

True light of light and source of wisdom!

Remove your shine over my dense intellect

Dissolves the darkness that covers me

that of sin and ignorance.

Grant a penetrating spirit to understand,

A retentive memory, a method and ease of learning,

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To understand clarity

It is a lot of fun when I express it.

Direct the beginning of my work

Direct your progress and lightly to the end of success.

I ask Jesus Christ, true God and true man,

Forever and forever, live and rule with you and the Father.

A man.


Why is St Thomas Aquinas called the Doctor Angelicus? ›

He was also called the Doctor Angelicus [Angelic Doctor], perhaps because of his virtues and, in particular, the sublimity of his thought and the purity of his life. The Catholic Encyclopedia offers a similar explanation. Purity of mind and body contributes in no small degree to clearness of vision.

What are the 3 main points of Aquinas theory? ›

Aquinas's first three arguments—from motion, from causation, and from contingency—are types of what is called the cosmological argument for divine existence. Each begins with a general truth about natural phenomena and proceeds to the existence of an ultimate creative source of the universe.

What is the prayer to St Thomas Aquinas? ›

O Blessed Thomas, patron of schools, obtain for us from God an invincible faith, burning charity, a chaste life, and true knowledge, through Christ our Lord. Amen.

What did Saint Thomas Aquinas believe about the study of the physical world? ›

Aquinas thought that, though the highest knowledge humans can possess is knowledge of God, knowledge of physical objects is better suited to human capabilities. Only that kind of knowledge will be considered here.

What did Jesus say to Thomas Aquinas? ›

He levitated during prayer. Jesus said he'd written well of Him, and offered him anything he wanted — and he said, “Only Yourself, Lord.”

What is the message of Thomas Aquinas? ›

God. Aquinas believes that natural reason can demonstratively prove God's existence. The first step is to show that, for everything in the changeable world around us, there is a first cause, or prime mover, in virtue of which all other things have their existence, their motion, their qualities and direction.

What are the 5 proofs of God's existence according to Thomas Aquinas? ›

The arguments are often named as follows: (1) argument from motion, (2) argument from efficient cause, (3) argument from necessary being, (4) argument from gradations of goodness, and (5) argument from design.

What are 2 beliefs of St Thomas Aquinas? ›

The master principle of natural law, wrote Aquinas, was that "good is to be done and pursued and evil avoided." Aquinas stated that reason reveals particular natural laws that are good for humans such as self-preservation, marriage and family, and the desire to know God.

What are the three most powerful prayers? ›

The prayer of protection. The prayer of transformation. The prayer of restoration.

What is the most powerful prayer in Roman Catholic Church? ›

Our Father, Who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread; and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.

What is St Thomas Aquinas best known for? ›

Thomas Aquinas was the greatest of the Scholastic philosophers. He produced a comprehensive synthesis of Christian theology and Aristotelian philosophy that influenced Roman Catholic doctrine for centuries and was adopted as the official philosophy of the church in 1917.

What are the four causes of explaining reality according to Saint Thomas Aquinas? ›

The Four Causes are (1) material cause, (2) formal cause, (3) efficient cause, and (4) final cause. The material cause, as its name implies, pertains to matter or the “stuff” of the world.

How does St Thomas Aquinas describe God? ›

For Aquinas, the statement God exists is self-evident in itself since existence is a part of God's essence or nature (that is, God is his existence—a claim to which we'll turn below). Yet the statement is not self-evident to us because God's essence is not something we can comprehend fully.

Why was the Gospel of Thomas rejected? ›

Many scholars consider the Gospel of Thomas to be a gnostic text, since it was found in a library among others, it contains Gnostic themes, and perhaps presupposes a Gnostic worldview. Others reject this interpretation, because Thomas lacks the full-blown mythology of Gnosticism as described by Irenaeus of Lyons (ca.

What was Jesus famous line? ›

I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life. No one comes to the Father except through me. But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven; for he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust.

What did St Thomas Aquinas say at the end of his life? ›

“Master, will you not return to your work?” Thomas Aquinas replies with an emphasis that ensures he will not be asked again: “I can write no more. All that I have written seems like straw.” And on that enigmatic note, his life's work ends; within months his great intellect will be stilled in death.

Does St Thomas Aquinas believe in God? ›

Among other things, he was a prominent proponent of natural theology and the father of a school of thought (encompassing both theology and philosophy) known as Thomism. He argued that God is the source of both the light of natural reason and the light of faith.

What are the 4 laws defined by Thomas Aquinas? ›

Aquinas's Natural Law Theory contains four different types of law: Eternal Law, Natural Law, Human Law and Divine Law.

What are the 4 cardinal virtues of Aquinas? ›

Practical wisdom, justice, courage, and temperance are the four cardinal, or “hinge,” virtues of the moral life.

What is the first proof of God? ›

Proof of God's Existence

In the first proof, Descartes argues that, by evidence, he is an imperfect being who has an objective reality including the notion that perfection exists and therefore has a distinct idea of a perfect being (God, for example).

What is the probability that God exists? ›

A scientist has calculated that there is a 67% chance that God exists. Dr Stephen Unwin has used a 200-year-old formula to calculate the probability of the existence of an omnipotent being.

Can the existence of God be proven? ›

It may be possible (or impossible) to prove the existence of God, but it may be unnecessary to do so in order for belief in God to be reasonable. Perhaps the requirement of a proof is too stringent, and perhaps there are other ways of establishing God's existence.

What are the 3 main arguments for the existence of God? ›

Much of the discussion has focused on Kant's “big three” arguments: ontological arguments, cosmological arguments, and teleological arguments.

What is Augustine's proof of God's existence? ›

In Book 2, Chapter 15, Augustine says to Evodius: You granted, moreover, that if I showed you something higher than our minds (mentes), you would admit, assuming that nothing existed which was still higher, that God exists. I accepted your condition and said that it was enough to show this.

What are the four 4 arguments on the existence of God? ›

Evidence for the existence of God is seen in several ways in what have traditionally been called the Classical Arguments for God's existence. The four Classical arguments are simply called: The Ontological argument, The Cosmological argument, The Teleological argument, and The Moral argument.

What is the natural law for St Thomas? ›

This for Thomas finally is the natural law (lex naturalis): a sharing from within (or participation) of the Eternal Law, but not, Thomas insists, something otherwise different from that first and highest law in the mind of God: “the natural law is nothing else than the rational creature's participation of the eternal ...

What is the most neglected type of prayer? ›

Perhaps the most neglected type of prayer is a prayer of thanksgiving. While praying “Grace” before meals is a good example of a prayer of thanksgiving, we should get into the habit of thanking God throughout the day for all the good things that happen to us and others.

What is the greatest prayer on earth? ›

However, in both the Gospel According to Matthew (6:9-13) and the Gospel According to Luke (11:2-4), Jesus is portrayed as teaching this prayer to his followers; hence, the Christian name, the Lord's Prayer. Because of the distinctively Christian name (the Lord's Prayer), this prayer is Christianity's greatest prayer.

What is a good prayer to say everyday? ›

Today's Daily Prayer

Lord our God, be with us. Touch us with your Spirit so that our hearts may receive something from you. Let us find joy even in a life of struggle and temptation. Let us find joy in every need we face, even in the agony of death.

Who Prays 3 times a day in Bible? ›

Then they said to the king, "Daniel, who is one of the exiles from Judah, pays no attention to you, O king, or to the decree you put in writing. He still prays three times a day." When the king heard this, he was greatly distressed; he was determined to rescue Daniel and made every effort until sundown to save him.

Do Catholics pray to God or Jesus? ›

All Christian prayer, whether the prayer of saints in heaven or Mary, the mother of the Lord, or of us the saints here on earth, is directed to the Father through Jesus, who is the “one mediator between God and men” (1 Timothy 2:5).

What is the most common prayer to God? ›

The most common prayer among Christians is the "Lord's Prayer", which according to the gospel accounts (e.g. Matthew 6:9-13) is how Jesus taught his disciples to pray.

What is the most powerful miracle prayer? ›

Lord Jesus, I come before you, just as I am, I am sorry for my sins, I repent of my sins, please forgive me. In your Name, I forgive all others for what they have done against me. I renounce Satan, the evil spirits and all their works.

Does the Bible say we should pray to Mary? ›

The good news is that we don't need to pray to Mary or to the saints in order to be heard by God. Jesus made this wonderful promise: “Whatever you ask in my name, this I will do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son” (John 14:3).

What is Jesus most famous prayer? ›

The Jesus Prayer, also known as The Prayer, is a short formulaic prayer, esteemed and advocated especially in Eastern Christianity: "Lord Jesus Christ, Son of God, have mercy on me, a sinner." The prayer has been widely taught and discussed throughout the history of the Orthodox Church.

Who is known as Angelic Doctor? ›

Thomas Aquinas is perhaps "Angelic Doctor." This title hints at true piety coupled with serious learning: two traits that are indispensable for any Catholic. Thomas was born circa A. D. 1225 in Southern Italy, near the town of Aquin, to which the "Angelic Doctor" owes his surname.

Why is St Augustine called the doctor of the church? ›

He was proclaimed a doctor by Pope Boniface VII in 1298. He was named a doctor because of the extraordinarily high value of his writings, which include major theological, philosophical, and spiritual works.

Why did the Doctor turn into an angel? ›

After failing to escape the Extraction Squad, the Doctor was transformed into a Weeping Angel in order to be transported outside of the universe, to Division.

What are the five contribution of St Thomas Aquinas? ›

Saint Thomas Aquinas believed that the existence of God could be proven in five ways, mainly by: 1) observing movement in the world as proof of God, the "Immovable Mover"; 2) observing cause and effect and identifying God as the cause of everything; 3) concluding that the impermanent nature of beings proves the ...

What is St Thomas Aquinas the patron saint of? ›

St Thomas Aquinas is known primarily as a brilliant theologian and philosopher and is the patron saint of universities and scholars.

What do you pray to St Augustine for? ›

Glorious Saint Augustine I boldly ask for your intercession confident in your boundless wisdom and compassion. May this devotion lead me to a life dedicated to the fulfilling the will of God that I may one day be deemed worthy of sharing His Kingdom with you and all the saints for all eternity.

Who are the 4 great doctors of the church? ›

In early Christianity the Western church recognized four doctors of the church—Ambrose, Augustine, Gregory the Great, and Jerome—and later adopted the Three Holy Hierarchs of the Eastern church and also Athanasius the Great.

Does St Augustine believe in God? ›

Augustine wrote much about the relationship between God's activity and human freedom. Early and late in his career, he insists on two truths: God is the cause of every activity and we have freedom of choice.


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