Kubla KhanIt is one of the best poems written bySamuel Taylor Coleridge🇧🇷 It is indeed one of those three poems that have kept Coleridge's name at the forefront of art.great romantic poets– the other two are poemsthe old sailormikristinabel🇧🇷 Coleridge wrote the three famous poems in 1797 and 1798. His poems are about supernatural characters forged with the color and luster of the Middle Ages. Coleridge'sKubla Khanit belongs to the dream territory of art and is much more colorful and sensual than the monotony of real life.
Summary of Kubla Khan by S.T. coleridge... Summary of Kubla Khan by S.T. Coleridge in 2 minutes
Summary of Kubla Khan by S.T. coleridge...
Summary of Kubla Khan by S.T. Coleridge in 2 minutes
1. Origin of the poem'Kubla Khan de Coleridge
The supreme power ofSamuel Taylor Coleridgeas a romantic poet lies in his wonderful ability to dream. his famous poemKubla Khan,it arose from a dream he had during an opium-induced sleep. In 1797 he read a passage about Kubla Khan and the palace he had builtShopping Pilgrimage, a travel journal, Coleridge fell asleep in his chair. Then he dreamed that he was writing a poem about Kubla Khan and his palace. When he woke up, he had a clear memory of the dream. He quickly picked up his pen and immediately and enthusiastically wrote a poem. When I had only written 54 linesKubla KhanShe was interrupted by a visitor. As a result, the rest of the poem slipped away from him, leaving what was there as a fragment.
2. The title of the poem "Kubla Khan"
The title of the poem immediately brings to mind the image of a very famous, powerful and dictatorial Mongol Emperor Kubla Khan. Kubla Khan was one of the famous rulers of today's China. He succeeded Genghis Khan and completed the conquest of China begun by his ancestor. After his success, Kubla Khan became the first Yuan ruler of all China.
title 'Kubla Khan' certainly arouses interest in the poem, and the reader will want to know what Coleridge wrote about this great man. Reading the poem, the reader feels how much the poet himself enjoyed Kubla Khan's impressive personality and adventurous and inventive nature.Withinthe poem, Samuel Taylor Coleridge described the most wonderful creation of the Mongol Emperor Kubla Khan: a very majestic and magical palace and its fascinating surroundings.
3. Kubla Khan: Summary of the Poem
The poemKubla KhanthroughSamuel Taylor ColeridgeIt takes the form of a dream or vision about a grand palace of a famous ruler of China and its magical surroundings. Coleridge constructed the poem in two parts. The first part describes Kubla Khan's Pleasure Dome and its beautiful and mesmerizing scenery. While the second part describes the creative power of a poet and his poetry.
3.1 The first part of 'Kubla Khan' byColeridge
Kubla Khan, one of the greatest oriental kings, once ordered a magnificent palace of luxury to be built in Xanadu on the banks of the sacred river Alph. This sacred river flowed through immeasurably deep caves in the hill and finally tumbled into a dark subterranean sea. Xanadu was surrounded by walls and towers for up to ten square miles. It had beautiful gardens, meandering streams and fragrant flowering trees.
There was also a deep and mysterious chasm that ran down the side of a green hill through a cedar forest. It was an inspiring place. In fact, it was as sacred and enchanted as that haunted by a woman weeping for her demonic lover in the dim light of a waning moon. From this abyss a mighty spring gushed forth at short intervals, producing an incessant roar. The mighty rush of water threw huge boulders here and there onto land. They sounded like hail hitting the ground, or like scattered grain being separated from the chaff with a farmer's flail.
The sacred river Alph flowed in a meandering five-mile course through forests and valleys. Then it entered the immeasurably deep caves and finally sank into the Dead Sea with a loud noise. In this tumult of the river, Kubla Khan seemed to hear the voices of his ancestors announcing impending wars. The palace was built somewhere between the mighty spring and the immense man caves. His shadow seemed to be floating in the middle of the river. From the palace one could hear the mixed sounds of water gushing from the spring and water noisily flowing through the caves. The palace had sun-drenched domes and ice caves, and its architecture testified to rare skill or wonder.
3.2 The second part of 'Kubla Khan' byColeridge
Once the speaker saw in a vision an Abyssinian girl playing a dulcimer and singing a sweet song in praise of Mount Abora. If the speaker were able to relive the sweet melody and music of his song, it would fill him with divine inspiration and he would feel ecstatically and poetically inspired. With such divine inspiration, he wrote powerful poems to vividly describe the wondrous palace of Kubla Khan.
The narrator says that his imaginative palace would be so alive that all the people listening to his songs would see it clearly before their eyes. They would then mistake him for a powerful magician and urge others to be careful with his bright eyes and flowing hair. They circled him three times and closed their eyes in holy fear. They also said that he was fed dew and the milk of heaven and warned each other to stay away from him.
4. Critical Analysis: Coleridge's "Kubla Khan"
Kubla KhanIt is a building from the poet's dream or vision of a grand palace of a famous ruler of China and its magical surroundings. It is a confrontation with a dream-soaked imagination and, at first sight, does not seem to have any rational perspective or logical consistency. It seems like a procession of images, images colored in the colors of the rainbow and expressed in the language of the melody of the hunt. The poem also seems to have no story, no moral, no allegory, not even a logical consistency of ideas.
Nevertheless,Kubla Khanit is both rational and logical. Both parts are logically connected. The poem is rich in symbolism, imagery, image quality, and romantic elements. It is indeed a poem of pure romance, in which all the romantic associations (ancient forests, hills, immense caves, sweet music, milk of paradise, lovers of the devil) are concentrated in a concise measure to create a sense of mystery. Admiration. In addition, the poem is also notable for the sheer beauty of its dark vision and the power of its wonderful music.
4.1 Kubla Khan: a poem about life and its complexities
Kubla Khanby Samuel Taylor Coleridge is a poem about life and its complexities. In fact, the pleasure dome dominates the poem. In addition, the poet's setting of the poem is carefully and vividly described. There is a description of a sacred river Alph flowing through "caves immeasurable to man" to a sunless sea. However, the area through which it runs is full of beautiful gardens, fragrant trees, meandering streams and mature forests.
4.2 River: a metaphor for life
In the poem, the river symbolizes life. It runs through nature towards a "lifeless sea" - death - which in a way corresponds to life. In the background a hill, on the side of which there is a "deep romantic abyss". The poet called this "romantic abyss" a "wild place" as sacred and enchanted as that where a woman weeps for her demonic lover in the waning moon. Here the poem evokes supernatural elements. The river at its source beautifully blends sacred, romantic, and demonic undertones. This part of the poem evokes mystery and wonder, mixing the romantic with the savage and the demonic with the sacred. While the lust dome is a symbol of man's materialistic nature around which his life revolves (symbolized by a river) before falling into a sunless sea.
The following lines describe the 'incessant turbulence' as 'rapid, gasping breathing' from Mother Earth, the source 'squeezed out' at short intervals, the hailstones falling to the ground and the 'chaff under the flail'. . This description creates an impression of power, fear and confusion, the dynamics of birth and creation. Then the river flows in a zigzag that indicates the complexity of human life. Eventually he reaches the "caves immeasurable to man" - Infinity and Nothing - and descends with a great tumult that is the agony of death. So the river is a metaphor for life, the flow of birth and death.
Riots can also be such principles and forces that bring man to an end. Thus, by describing the architectural feats of an oriental monarch, the poet finds the way to create a symbolic and universal panorama of human existence. The dome of the palace rises in the sunlight. Its upper part is warm in the sun while its lower floors are like ice caves. It creates a stark contrast between a person's physical and spiritual life. Humans, however, are physically bright, but inside they are spiritually dead and cold-hearted. This cold leads to destructive forces like war.
4.3 Coleridge's "Kubla Khan": a poem about poetic possibilities
Kubla Khanby Samuel Taylor Coleridge is also a poem about poetic possibilities. The first part of the poem is a transcription of the vision as far as the waking mind has preserved it. The poet introduces the Lustdom and the river with all its fascinating landscape. While the second part of the poem is an attempt to realize the vision in order to give it a concrete form. Describes the act of poetic creation and the ecstasy of imaginative realization.The poet talks about the creative power and possibilities of poetry that can build such a dome in the air. Imagine if he could relive the girl's celestial symphony, he would raise a web of air akin to Kubla Khan's pleasure dome with his song. Your audience would marvel at your inspired look.
The poem shows that when IInspiration reaches the poet's heart from above and he goes mad with joy. Her hair begins to blow in the wind and her eyes roll in frantic frenzy.A composer of poetry composes his admirable songs in a state of divine madness like the Corybantes, who lose all control of their reason in the enthusiasm of the sacred dance. And during this supernatural obsession, the composer is moved by the rhythm and harmony he imparts to the people. A poet cannot compose anything worth calling poetry until he is inspired. The poem deals with the possibilities and potential of a poet's creative power.
The two parts of the poem thus reflect life and its representation through a poetic act of creation. They also each represent the experience of the dreaming mind and its reaction in the waking mind.Kubla Khandespite its fragmentary character, it appears self-contained.
5. The Pictorial or Descriptive Quality of "Kubla Khan"
Kubla Khanby Samuel Taylor Colreigde contains an impressive pictorial and descriptive quality. Some of the images in the poem are very sensual and suggestive. These images include:
5.1 The image of the river in Cloeridge's Kubla Khan
Among the figurative or descriptive images of the poem is the image of the river. The Alph River flows in a five mile zigzag course through ancient forests and valleys. Then it flows through the caves and sinks in a whirlwind into the sunless sea representing the infinity of death. This picture of the river and the sea is very picturesque and strange.
5.2 The image of the fertile land and the abyss
The second picture shows ten miles of fertile land surrounded by walls, towers and with well-lit gardens, meandering streams and flowering trees. The third image is that of the abyss on the slope of the cedar-covered hills. The poet describes this scene as appropriate for a woman weeping for a demon lover. This parable gives the first supernatural touch to a dream situation. Combine an unusual worldly scene with supernatural elements.
5.3 The image of the fountain and the river
The fourth picture is the fountain and the river. It stirs the stillness of precious descriptions. The slow, descending rhythm of the previous lines changes to a fast, ascending rhythm. We are led to hear and feel the movement of a powerful spring gushing from the abyss in the hillside. The sound of the words corresponds to the picture described (i.e. the words are onomatopoeic). Boiling (bubbling), in quick, big sighs, half-stopped puffs - these are the words, the sound of which suggests the trembling and noisy movement of water.
Using breath imagery when the earth was removed looked like a person gasping for air. The rise and fall of her chest lets us picture the scene very clearly. Another image is the slinging of boulders by running water, resembling the patter of hail or grain thrown by a threshing machine. These two parables brought the violent movement of the water surprisingly alive.
5.4 The image of the Rio movement
The fifth image is a labyrinthine zigzag movement of the sacred river falling into a "lifeless" or still ocean. The poet calls the river "sacred" because it is traditionally a source of life. In the murmur of the fountain and the river, Kubla Khan hears the voices of his ancestors prophesying war. Hearing mysterious and inexplicable voices is the poem's second strong supernatural element. Then there is a pictorial representation of Kubla Khan's palace on the waves of the sea, swaying with the waves.
5.5 The picture "A virgin with a dulcimer" and the madness of the poet
The sixth picture shows the poet's vision of the "Virgin with a Psalter" in his dream. It is now a composite image with multi-dimensional quality. We can visualize the image of the poet on one side and the Abyssinian (Ethiopian) girl with the Psalter on the other. In this way we can also enjoy the music of the Psalter and the song of the girl together with the poet without even listening to them.
The poet is overjoyed, his eyes sparkling and his hair loose when he hears the girl's song. People are afraid of him and say that he ate heavenly food. You can see the palace of Kubla Khan while listening to the song of the Abyssinian girl. All of these descriptions have supernatural significance in the poem. The girl comes from an African country and symbolizes the poet's inner desire to get in touch with the exotic (the strange and the unusual).
6. Theme, style and atmosphere of 'Kubla Khan de Coleridge
the big topicKubla Khanthey are the effects of the dream of the romantic and mysterious on the poet's mind or on the whole being. Then there is the theme of man's interaction with nature and the power of the poet's imagination. The imagery and symbolism of the poem, as discussed above, strongly emphasizes these themes. The poem belongs to the dream domain of art; it is a dream and conforms to the laws of dream logic and produces a sense of satisfaction for its delicate suggestion. Its precision and clarity, the use of highly emotional and suggestive words and the musical effect represent the connection between pleasure and sacredness.
The alliteration of 'k', 'd', 'n', 's', 'c', 'f', 'm' etc. Throughout the poem, the meaning of the words imprints itself on our mind. Rhyming words like ran and man, soil and round, hail and flail also do a lot to reinforce meaning.
The poem has a dreamlike atmosphere, with little light or glare. The river flows through caves and empties into a "sunless sea", a "lifeless ocean". Also the 'shadow' of Kubla Khan's palace on the waves is faintly outlined. The focus of the poem is the icy caves with their glaring appearance that leaves nothing clear to the eye. In the poem we have the "sunny patches of vegetation" and the "green hill" but nowhere does the sun shine brightly.
In short,Kubla KhanthroughSamuel Taylor Coleridgeleaves a magical and fascinating effect on readers who continue to enjoy their ideas and feelings for a long time to come.
Read on, readers!
- The importance of the wedding guest in The Ancient Mariner
- William Wordsworth and his poetry from a Marxist perspective
- Famous short poems by Langston Hughes
- The Wasteland by T.S. Eliot: Analysis and various aspects
Label: Coleridge PoemsKubla Khan AnalysisAnalysis of PoemsPoemsromantic poetromantic poetrySamuel Taylor ColeridgesummaryThat
What is the main theme of the poem Kubla Khan? ›
The major theme of Kubla Khan is the effects of the dream of the romantic and mysterious on the poet's mind or the whole being. Then, there is the theme of man's interaction with nature and the power of the poet's imagination.What is the summary of the poem Kubla Khan? ›
The poem describes Kubla Khan as a powerful ruler who has great command. His authoritativeness lies in the fact that he can order for a pleasure dome to be built on merely one order. This pleasure dome is no less than a miracle as it comprises of caves of ice. What's miraculous is that it is present in a sunny area.What does Coleridge say about Kubla Khan? ›
“Kubla Khan” can be read as an extended metaphor or allegory about the powers of human creativity, with the river that runs through the grounds of Khan's palace serving as a map of the human psyche and its creative powers. However, the speaker remains skeptical about his own capacity to realize that creative potential.What is the form of Kubla Khan poem? ›
Style: Kubla Khan is an intricately structured poem, using a amazing variety of metric and rhythmic devices. Lines 1 to 7 and 37 to 54 are written primarily in iambic tetrameter. When the line is read aloud, the emphasis falls on every second syllable.What are the themes of the poem? ›
The theme of a poem is the message an author wants to communicate through the piece. The theme differs from the main idea because the main idea describes what the text is mostly about.What is the central idea and theme of the poem? ›
A poem's core concept is the subject of the poem, or 'what it's about' if you like. While many shy away from poetry being 'about' something, at the end of the day, as it was written, the poet had something in mind, and that something, whatever it was or may have been, is the central concept.
In simple terms, the poem “How Simple” is about the simple life of a bird. Hence, naturally the poem abounds in avian words and phrases. In fact, the poem revolves around three such phrases: the “sweet little cry” of the bird, “a mere feather” that the bird drops” and “the warmth of broodings.What is the meaning of Kubla? ›
[ n ] Mongol Emperor of China and grandson of Genghis Khan who completed his grandfather ' s conquest of China ; he establish the Yuan dynasty and built a great capital on the site of modern Beijing where he received Marco Polo ( 1216 - 1294 )What is the full title of Kubla Khan? ›
The full title is: "Kubla Khan Or a Vision in a Dream. A Fragment." All of a sudden, Coleridge is giving us a much more detailed description of the poem itself. The famous back-story, (as told by Coleridge), is that he wasn't feeling well one night.What is the mood of Coleridge's Kubla Khan? ›
Answer and Explanation: Coleridge wrote Kubla Khan in 1797 but published it in 1816. The first stanza's mood is that of awe combined with a sense of wonder. Coleridge describes in detail the might, splendor, and majesty that used to be the court of the great Mongol emperor Kubla Khan.
What is the tone of the Kubla Khan poem? ›
Tone- Mysterious, Coleridge describes forces of nature in a mystical way.Why is Kubla Khan a romantic poem? ›
In this poem Kubla Khan of the poet S.T. Coleridge we understand this research that this poem is full of imaginative and it is concerned as a romantic poem because the feature that it has and the elements too. The poem is very important, very beautiful, perfect, and it has a lot of images.What is the setting of the poem Kubla Khan? ›
Xanadu, during the reign of Mongol emperor Kubla Khan.What are the images used in Kubla Khan? ›
It gives us the poem's main images of the force and excitement of the natural world. While other places may be quiet or safe or calm, the river is noisy, active, and even a little dangerous. It is also always moving, traveling across the poem and across the landscape from the peaceful gardens to the faraway sea.What are the symbols in Kubla Khan? ›
The main theme in S.T Coleridge's “Kubla Khan” is the contrast between nature's power and mankind's power. And in order to convey this theme to the reader, Coleridge used number of symbolisms which is the dome, the river Alph, and the woman and her demon lover.What is the theme of the poem answer? ›
Theme is the lesson about life or statement about human nature that the poem expresses. To determine theme, start by figuring out the main idea. Then keep looking around the poem for details such as the structure, sounds, word choice, and any poetic devices.What are the main types of themes? ›
- 1 Beauty.
- 2 Good vs. evil.
- 3 Coming-of-age.
- 4 Loyalty.
- 5 Betrayal.
- 6 Life and death.
- 7 Justice.
- 8 Family.
The theme of a story is what the author is trying to convey — in other words, the central idea of the story.How do you write a summary of a poem? ›
For the summary, write paragraphs that show a unit of thought or argument. Including an introduction and conclusion is necessary. Know the name of the poet and the year in which the poem was written. Explore the implications that these elements have for the poem and include this information in your introduction.What is the main summary of the story? ›
The summary follows the structure of a process essay; it describes the steps through which a story's conflict is resolved. It names and identifies important characters and describes the major events of the story.
What is the summary summary? ›
A summary is a brief statement or restatement of main points, especially as a conclusion to a work: a summary of a chapter.What is a summary short answer? ›
A summary is a short retelling of a longer written passage, containing the author's most important ideas. Summarizing helps improve both your reading and writing skills.How does the poem Kubla Khan end? ›
– In the last stanza, Coleridge tells us that once he had a vision of an Abyssinian maid who sung of Mount Abora, and claims that if he could revive that song he could recreate Kubla Khan's pleasure dome with poetry and song. – If this could happen, all would cry 'Beware!What is the supernatural in Kubla Khan? ›
Kubla Khan, is less directly concerned with the supernatural, still Supernaturalism touches in the 'woman wailing for her demon-lover', in 'the ancestral voices prophesying war' and in the demoniac energy with which the mighty fountain is momently forced from the deep romantic chasm and this is quite unmistakable.Who is the speaker in Kubla Khan? ›
Answer and Explanation: The speaker in "Kubla Khan" is unclear. The speaker is a third-person omniscient speaker in the first two stanzas, but in the third stanza it switches to a first-person speaker to describe "A damsel with a dulcimer." The fragmentary nature of the poem obscures the exact identity of the speaker.What does the river symbolize in Kubla Khan? ›
Even though there is a river ALPH in Antarctica, the river mentioned in Samuel T. Coleridge's poem, “Kubla Khan,” is fictional and represents the power, force and excitement of the natural world. It also represents movement.Is Kubla Khan an epic poem? ›
No, "Kubla Kahn" is not an epic poem. Epic poems are by their nature longer than "Kubla Kahn," and are more unified. The three stanzas of "Kubla Kahn" are more fragmentary, and Coleridge himself referred to the poem as a fragment. The poem lacks an overall structure, although it has very strong assonance throughout.What rhyme scheme is Kubla Khan? ›
The poem "Kubla Khan" by Samuel Taylor Coleridge has an ABAB rhyme scheme, which creates a sing-song, light-hearted tone. This is at odds with the undercurrent of conflict and danger indicated by some of the poem's imagery, such as a woman wailing for her demon lover.What are the basic qualities of Coleridge's poem? ›
All Traits of Romanticism: His poems are an epitome of Liberty, Fraternity, and Equality (Ideals of the French Revolution). Also, individualism, sensuousness, love for Nature, inspiration from self can be seen as embellishments in his works.What is the context of Kubla Khan? ›
In its exploration of the creative imagination, “Kubla Khan” is a quintessentially romantic poem. The Yuan Dynasty: The Yuan Dynasty was a Mongolian dynasty that reigned from 1271 to 1368. The kingdom encompassed the vast majority of present-day Mongolia and China.
What are the romantic elements in the poem Kubla Khan? ›
Enfolding sunny spots of greenery.” The shadow of the dome floating midway on the waves is also sensuous. The sensuousness is further reinforced with the description of the Abyssinian maid playing on her stringed instrument and singing of Mount Abora. The images employed in the poem are sensuous.How many lines are there in poem Kubla Khan? ›
Kubla Khan, in full Kubla Khan; or, a Vision in a Dream, poetic fragment by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, published in 1816. According to Coleridge, he composed the 54-line work while under the influence of laudanum, a form of opium.Is Kubla Khan a dream poem? ›
Coleridge has presented 'Kubla Khan' as a dream poem so that the reader can also take part in the creative process. Coleridge would have recognized that reading is always a creative act.What are the major themes of romantic poetry? ›
In general, the Romantic poets explored three main topics in their poetry: the relationship between humans and nature, the gothic and the surreal (more on what that means later), and. what the purpose of poetry is and how the identity of the poet should be understood.Is Kubla Khan a conversation poem? ›
"Kubla Khan," the culmination of Coleridge's conversation poems, both employs and destroys the conversational mode.What are the image present in the poem? ›
Imagery is the name given to the elements in a poem that spark off the senses. Despite "image" being a synonym for "picture", images need not be only visual; any of the five senses (sight, hearing, touch, taste, smell) can respond to what a poet writes.What does the chasm symbolize in Kubla Khan? ›
That deep romantic chasm which slanted down the green hill athwart a cedarn cover!” signifies the mysterious dark mind of the poet that is holy because it is the seat of poetic creation and also enchanted by his yearning for this state of poetic creation that has been symbolized by the image “woman wailing for her ...What is the significance of an image of the endless? ›
The poet uses the image of 'an endless fountain of an immortal drink' to describe the beautiful bounty of the earth. The earth, like a fountain, pours unto us numerous beautiful sights like the sun, the moon, flowers, rivers and greenery. Q.How is Kubla Khan a dream? ›
"Kubla Khan" was written after Coleridge read a work describing Xanadu and indulged in opium. The resulting dream became the the poem "Kubla Khan" which Coleridge claimed he wrote immediately upon waking from the opium dream. The poem is a "fragment" because he never finished the dream-inspired poem.What is symbolized by mask in the poem? ›
The mask, which represents the false emotions a person might "wear" in front of other people, both smiles and lies—which indicates that the outward appearance of the mask does not match the true emotions that are beneath it.
What are the symbol use in the poem? ›
Symbols are important in a poem as they represent a particular idea, theme, thing, person or meaning. This kind of art of practice is called symbolism. A poet uses symbolism to denote a particular action, word, mood, emotion in reference to another word.What is the theme of the poem called? ›
Theme can be categorized into two categories known as thematic concept and thematic statement. Thematic concept is what the readers think the text is about, whereas thematic statement is what the author says about the subject.Which is the theme of the story? ›
The term theme can be defined as the underlying meaning of a story. It is the message the writer is trying to convey through the story.What are the three themes of poems? ›
- 1 Love.
- 2 Death.
- 3 Religion/Spirituality.
- 4 Nature.
- 5 Beauty.
- 6 Aging.
- 7 Desire.
- 8 Identity/Self.